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Directional cues for growing axons forming the retinotectal projection

  • Aside from the increasing, impressive evidence on chemical identification of graded molecules involved, it is the capability of axons for approaching the target position from different aspects in a two-dimensional field which is per se a strong indication for the involvement of gradients. Targeting requires, in the target field, counter-graded effects, either by antagonistic gradients, or by a single gradient in each dimension exerting attractive effects at low, reverting to inhibitory (repulsive) effects at high concentrations. A further requirement for mapping is the modulation of the counter-graded effects by components of the growth cone itself which depends on the origin of the corresponding axon.Transduction and processing of graded signals in the navigating growth cones are proposed to be strongly enhanced by intra-growth-cone pattern formation. The concept also encompasses regulatory and branching processes including the formation of the terminal arbors.

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Author:Alfred Gierer
Document Type:Article
Date of Publication (online):2006/10/31
Release Date:2006/10/31
Tag:axonal branching; axons; gradients; growth cone; guidance; neurogenesis; pattern formation; projection; retinotectal; terminal arbour
Source:Development ; 101, S. 479-489
Institutes:BBAW / Veröffentlichungen von Akademiemitgliedern
Dewey Decimal Classification:5 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 50 Naturwissenschaften / 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik