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Socioeconomic inequalities : effects of self-enhancement, depletion and redistribution

  • Socioeconomic inequalities are functions not only of intrinsic differences between persons or groups, but also of the dynamics of their interactions. Inequalities can arise and become stabilized if there are advantages (such as generalized wealth including “human capital”) which are self-enhancing, whereas depletion of limiting resources is widely distributed. A recent theory of biological pattern formation has been generalized, adapted and applied to deal with this process. Applications include models for the non-Gaussian distribution of personal income and wealth, for overall economic growth in relation to inequalities and for effects of uncoupling strategies between developing and developed countries. Note added after publication: The equations (14) for the model of the income distribution, with its characteristic non-Gaussian extension towards higher incomes (fig.4), are closely related to the Fokker-Planck equation that is widely applied in many fields of physics.

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Metadaten
Author:Alfred Gierer
URN:urn:nbn:de:kobv:b4-opus4-25070
Parent Title (German):Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik ; 196(4).1981
Title Additional (German):Sozioökonomische Ungleichheiten : Einfluß von Selbstverstärkung, Verknappung und Umverteilung
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of Publication (online):2016/04/20
Release Date:2016/04/22
Tag:Fokker-Planck; autocatalysis; development; human capital; income distribution
First Page:309
Last Page:331
Institutes:BBAW / Veröffentlichungen von Akademiemitgliedern
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Keine kommerzielle Nutzung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE)